Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?




(1)go on vacation  去度假

(2)stay at home  呆在家

(3)go to the mountains 去爬山

(4)go to the beach 去沙滩

(5)visit museums  参观博物馆

(6)go to summer camp 夏令营

(7)quite a few  相当多,不少

(8)study for…… 为…而学习

(9)go out  出去

(10)most of the time大多数时间

(11)taste good   尝起来不错

(12)have a good time过得愉快

(13)feel like  感受到

(14)go shopping  去买东西

(15)in the past  在过去

(16)walk around…..四处走走

(17)too many  太多

(18)because of+短语  因为

(19)one bowl of   一碗。。。

(20)find out  查明,弄清

(21)take photos   照相

(22)something important 重要的事情

(23)up and down  上上下下

(24)come up  上来,出现

(25)of course   当然

(26)come down   下来



(1)Where did you go on vacation?        I went to New York City.

(2)Did you go out with anyone?         No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.

(3)Did you buy anything special?       Yes, I bought something for my father.

(4)How was the food?                 Everything tasted really good.

(5)Did everyone have a good time?      Oh,yes. Everything was excellent.



(1)buy sth for sb./ buy sb. sth 为某人买某物

(2)taste + adj.   尝起来……

(3)nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了…之外什么都没有

(4)seem + (to be) + adj   看起来

(5). arrive in + 大地方

arrive at + 小地方 到达某地

(6) decide to do sth.  决定做某事

(7). try doing sth.   尝试做某事

(8)try to do sth.   尽力做某事

(9)try one`s best to do sth尽力做某事

(10)enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

(11)want to do sth.  想去做某事

(12)start doing sth. 开始做某事

(13)stop doing sth. 停止做某事

stop to do sth 停下来做某事

(14)look + adj 看起来

(15)dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

(16)Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢?

(17)so + adj + that + 从句   如此…以至于

(18)tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

(19) keep doing sth.   继续做某事

(20).forget to do sth.  忘记去做某事(未做)

forget doing sth忘记做过某事(已做)




1anywhere 与 somewhere  两者都是不定副词。

anywhere  在任何地方 , 常用于否定句和疑问句中。I can’t find it anywhere.

somewhere  在某处,到某处,常用于肯定句。

I lost my key somewhere near here.

2 seem + 形容词  看起来…..You seem happy today.

seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事

I seems / seemed + that来好像…;似乎….

seem like ….好像,似乎…..It seems like a god idea.

3 decide to do sth.决定做某事

They decide to visit the museum.

decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式

He can not decide when to leave.

4 start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,可与begin 互换 。    He started doing his homework.

5over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than

My father is over 40 years old.

  1. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数:

Mother bought too many eggs yesterday.

too much  太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

We have too much work to do.

Don’t talk too much.

7 because of  因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

He can’t take a walk because of the rain.

because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因。I don’t buy it because it was too expensive.

8 too,…to 太….以至于不能….

Mother is too tired to go to school.

9  have fun doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣


Unit 2  How often do you exercise?



  • help sb with sth


(2)go shopping去买东西

(3)on weekends  在周末

(4)how often  多少次

(5)hardly ever 几乎从不

(6)once a week   一星期一次

(7)twice a month一个月两次

(8)go to the movies  去看电影

(9)every day  每天

(10)use the Internet上网

(11)be free=be not busy

=have time  有空

(12)have dance and piano


(13)swing dance  摇摆舞

(14)play tennis  打网球

(15)stay up late 熬夜到很晚

(16)go to sleep   睡觉

(17)go to bed 上床睡觉

(18)at least  至少,不少于

(19)go to bed early 上床睡觉早

(20)play sports   做运动

(21)be good for   对….有好处

(22)be good at doing sth


(23)go camping 去野营

(24)in one’s free time


(25)the most popular 最受欢迎

(26)such as  例如….像….这样

(27)go to the dentist看牙科医生

(28)more than  多于

(29)old habits die hard


(30)less than  少于

(31)junk food 垃圾食品

(32)take care of sb 照料某人

(33)look after sb 照顾某人

(34)have to do sth必须做某事

(35)get in…进入…

(36)be late for 迟到



(1)What do you usually do on weekends?  I always exercise.

(2)What do they do on weekends?         They often help my mother with housework.

(3)What does she do on weekends?       She sometimes goes shopping.

(4)How often do you go to the movies?    I go to the movies maybe once a month.

(5)How often does he watch TV?          He hardly ever watches TV.

(6)Do you go shopping?                  No, I never go shopping.



  1. help sb. with sth=have sb do sth帮助某人做某事
  2. How about doing…?   ….怎么样?/ ….好不好?
  3. want sb. to do sth.   想让某人做某事
  4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句
  5. 主语+ find+ that 从句    发现…
  6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth.   做某事是….的
  7. spend time with sb.   和某人一起度过时光
  8. ask sb. about sth.   向某人询问某事
  9. by doing sth.     通过做某事
  10. What’s your favorite…..?你最喜欢的…是什么?

11 start doing sth.       开始做某事

  1. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式

13.full of 满的

14.what about doing sth ?  做某事怎么样?

15.not….at all  一点儿也不

I don`t like it at all.  我一点儿也不喜欢它。




  1. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为

be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time.

I’ll be free next week. = I’ll have time next week.

  1. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。

How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?

  1. stay up late  指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。

Don’t stay up late next time.

stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。

He stayed up all night to write his story.

  1. go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。I went to bed at eleven last night.

go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。

She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.

  1. find + 宾语 +名词, 发现  :

We have found him (to be) a good boy.

find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现:

He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 :

I found her standing at the door.

  1. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。

Forty percent of the students in our class are girls.   Thirty percent of time passed.

  1. more than 超过,多于,不仅仅, 相当于 在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。反义词组为:less than.

I lived in Shanghai for more than / over ten years.

  1.  afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。

I’m afraid we can’t come here on time.

be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth.  害怕做某事。

Some children are afraid of the dark.

Don’t be afraid of asking question.

I’m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心:

I’m afraid I have to go now.

  1.  sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:


sometimes 频度副词, 有时。

Sometimes I get up very early.

sometime  副词,某个时候。

I will go to Shanghai sometime next week.

some times  名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,对它提问用how many times.

I have read the story some times.  -------How many times have you read the story?

some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时  I ‘ll stay here for some time.

10.how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。

How often do you play sports?   Three times a week.

how long  多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here?  How long is the ruler?

how far 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park?  It’s about 2 kilometers.


Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister


(1)more outgoing更外向                  15)as…as…与……一样……

(2)the singing competition唱歌比赛           (16)be similar to与……相像的/类似的

(3)the same as和……相同;与……一致      (17)be different from与……不同

(4)care about关心;介意                 (18)be like a mirror像一面镜子

(5)the most important最重要的            (19)as long as只要;既然

(6)bring out使显现;使表现出               (20)get better grades取得更好的成绩

(7)reach for伸手取                      (21)in fact事实上;实际上

(8)make friends交朋友                   (22)the other其他的

(9)touch one’s heart感动某人              (23)be talented in music有音乐天赋

(10)be good at擅长……                    (24)be good with善于与……相处

(11)have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣      (25)be good at doing sth擅长做某事

(12)make sb. do sth.让某人做某事          (26)want to do sth.想要做某事

(13)as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……     (14)It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth.


(1)Is Tom smarter than Sam?               No,he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom.

(2)Is Tara more outgoing than Tina?          No, she isn’t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara.

(3)Are you as friendly as your sister?           No, I’m not. I’m friendlier.

(4)Does Tara work as hard as Tina?           Yes, she does.

(5)Who’s more hardworking at school?      Tina thinks she works harder than me.



(1)laugh v. & n.  笑

He laughs best who laughs last.


(与at连用)嘲笑Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

名词:笑;笑声  We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

(2)though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。


though adv.. 不过,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.


Unit 4   What’s the best movie theater



  1. It has the biggest screens.
  2. The DJs choose songs the most carefuly.
  3. How do you like it so far?  到目前为止,你认为它怎么样?
  4. Thanks forget telling me.
  5. Can I ask you some questions?




(1)movie theater电影院

(2)be close to…离……近

(3)clothes store服装店

(4)in town在镇上

(5)so far到目前为止

(6)10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟路程

(7)talent show才艺表演

(8)have….in common 有相同特征(想法、兴趣方面)相同

(9)around the world世界各地;全世界

(10)more and more……越来越……

(11)and so on等等

(12)all kinds of……各种各样的

(13)be up to由……决定

(14)not everybody 并不是每个人

(15)make up编造(故事、谎言等)

(16)play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

(17)play a role in doing sth.   发挥做某事的作用

(18)no problem  没什么,别客气

(19)for example例如

(20) take…seriously认真对待

(21)give sb. sth.给某人某物

(22)come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

(23)Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

(24)much+ adj./adv.的比较级  …得多

(25)watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

(26)one of+可数名词的复数   ……之一

(27)Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些…吗?

(28)How do you like…?

(29)What do you think of…?你认为…怎么样?

(30)how much…….?多少钱?

(31)How far……?多远?

(32)How many……?多少?

(33)How long…..?多长?


Unite 5  Do you want to a game show?



(1)find out   查明,弄清

(2) be ready to do  准备好做某事

(3)dress up   装扮,乔装打扮

(4)take sb`s place代替,替换

(5)do a good job   干得好

(6) think of +名词或动词短语  认为….

(7)game shows游戏节目

(8)learn from向…学习从…..获得

(9)talk shows    脱口秀

(10)soap opera 肥皂剧

(11)go on  发生

(12) watch a movie  观看一场电影

(13)one of the main reasons  最主要的原因之一

(14)watch a sitcom 观看一部情景喜剧

(15)action movies   动作电影

(16) come out 出版,发行

(17)try one’s best   尽力,竭尽全力

(18)a pair of一双,一对…

(19)as famous as一样著名

(20)look like 看起来像

(21)around the world   世界各地

(22)have a discussion about…就…….讨论

(23)one day有一天

(24)such as比如

(25)a symbol of …..的象征

(26)something enjoyable令人愉快的东西

(27)interesting information 有趣的资料

(28)happen to do sth.  碰巧做某事

(29)expect to do sth.盼望做某事

(30)TV shows 电视节目



(1)What do you think of talk shows?   I don’t mind them.

(2)I hope to be a TV reporter one day.   How about you?



  • let sb  do sth.   让某人做某事
  • plan to do sth. 计划做某事
  • hope to do sth.  希望做某事
  • mind doing sth 介意做某事
  • expect to do sth. 期待做某事
  • How(what) about doing…做某事怎么样?
  • be always ready to do sth. 总是准备做某事
  • try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做某事
  •  become +adj  变得…..
  • not so …..as  不像…那样….;不如…..这么…
  • thank you for doing sth 谢谢你做某事

Thank you for sth 谢谢你的……

  • love doing sth 喜爱做某事




1.the other, the others, other, others, another

the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,常用one …the other…。例:

He has two apples, one is red, the other is green.

There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys.

the others  特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例:

You two stay here, the others go with me.

other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数

We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.

others  作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。 例:

Some students are doing homework, others are talking loudly.

another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例:

I don’t like this one. Please show me another one.

2.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到

Please find out when Mrs Green will go to Beijing.

  1. go on 发生,与 take place 同义

I wonder what was going on.

4.happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。

Sth + happens to sb.

Sth + happens + 地点/时间:某地/某时发生了某事

Happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧……”.

Sb + happens to do sth.

I happened to see my uncle on the street.

* take place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。例:

Great changes have taken place in China.

The meeting will take place next Friday.

5.expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:

1)expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。

I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.

2)expect to do sth. 预计做某事

Lily expects to come back next week.

3)expect sb. to do sth.

I expect my mother to come back early.

4)expect + 从句  预计……

I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.

  1. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.

be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真

be serious about doing sth.   对某事当真


Unit 6 I’m going to study computer science



  1. grow up成长;长大
  2. every day每天
  3. be sure about对……有把握
  4. make sure确信;务必
  5. want to do sth.想要做某事
  6. send…to…把……送到……
  7. be able to能
  8. the meaning of……的意思
  9. different kinds of不同种类的
  10. agree to do sth.同意做某事
  11. write down写下;记下
  12. have to do with关于;与……有关系
  13. take up开始做;学着做
  14. hardly ever几乎不;很少
  15. help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事
  16. too…to…太……而不能……
  17. love to do sth.喜爱做某事
  18. be going to+动词原形  打算做某事
  19. practice doing练习做某事
  20. keep on doing sth.不断地做某事
  21. promise to do sth.许诺去做某事
  22. learn to do sth.学会做某事
  23. finish doing sth.做完某事
  24. remember to do sth.记住做某事


1be going to的用法

1)be going to+动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语连用,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换

肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他。

否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他.

一般疑问句Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他 肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be.

否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.

特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他?

2) 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

3) 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。

My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

4) be going to 与 will 的区别:

① 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达。

Will planes be large in the future?

Yes, they will. /  No, they won’t.

②will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。   I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③ 陈述将来的某个事实用will.

I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.

I’m tired I will go to bed.

⑤ 表示意愿用will.

I’ll tell you the truth.

⑥ 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to,不用 will.

2promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:

1)promise to do sth. ___My mother promised to buy a piano for me.

2)promise sb. sth.  ___ My aunt promised me a bike.

3)promise + that 从句___ Tom promises that he can return on time.

promise n. 允诺, 诺言

Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.

  1. practice vt.  练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。

Your elder sister is practicing the guitar in the room.

常跟v-ing 作宾语的动词有:

考虑建议盼原谅:consider, suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon.

承认推迟没得想: admit, delay/put off, fancy.

避免错过继续练:avoid, miss, keep/keep on, practice.

否认完成能欣赏: deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate.

不禁介意与逃亡: can’t help , mind, escape.

不准冒险凭想象: forbid, risk, imagine.

  1. everyday 与 every day 区别

everyday  adj. 日常的   在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework.

every day  副词短语,在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.