人教版八年级上册unit 5考点梳理


…的象征 a symbol of…

一双,一对 a pair of

乐于做某事 be ready to do sth.

作为…而出名 be famous as

因为…而出名 be famous for

出版,发行,上映 come out

装扮 dress up

干得好 do a good job

期待某人做某事 expect sb. to do sth.

查明,弄清楚 find out

发生 go on

希望做某事 hope to do sth.

进行一次讨论 have a discussion

从…学习/获得 learn sth. from…

不如… not as/so…as…

…之一 one of…

计划做某事 plan to do sth.

肥皂剧 soap opera

例如 such as

才艺节目 talk shows

认为 think of

尽某人最大的努力做 try one’s best to do sth.

代替某人 take sb’s place

希望某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth.



【1】Over 80 years ago, he first appeared in the cartoon Steamboat Willie. (P. 37)


The sun appears slowly on the sea.

【拓展】appear也可以作系动词,后接形容词或者to be。

What he said appeared wrong.

His idea appears to be a good one.


【2】...and you want to see something enjoyable, choose Mulan! (P. 39)


There's something interesting in the newspaper.


【3】When this cartoon came out in New York on November 18, 1928, it was the first cartoon with sound and music. (P. 37)

come out此处表示“发行、出版”,另外还可以表示“出来、开花”。

My first book came out in 2003.

The sun is coming out.

Some flowers began to come out.


【4】We had a discussion about TV shows. (P. 34)

have a discussion about意为“讨论关于……”


We had a discussion about buying a house.


【5】...they did a good job in the movie. (P. 39)

do a good job意为“干得好”,相当于do well。

She did a good job in the talent show.


【6】She dressed up like a boy and takes her father’s place to fight in the army. (P. 39)

(1) dress up意为“乔装打扮、装扮”。

Girls like dressing up as princesses.

【拓展】辨析wear, put on和dress

wear 穿着 侧重于穿戴的状态 The girl wears a red coat today.
put on 穿上 侧重于穿戴的动作 Put on your coat. It is cold outside.
dress 给…穿衣服 指给自己或者他人穿衣服 The boy is too young to dress himself.

(2)take sb’s place意为“替代、替换”,相当于take the place of。

I had to go out for learning, so Amy took my place at the meeting.


【7】But one very famous symbol in America culture is a cartoon. (P. 37)



be famous for“因……而出名”;

be famous as“作为……而出名”。

The writer is famous for his novels.

The professor is famous as an expert in cancer.


【8】Because I hope to find out what’s going on around the world. (P. 34)


常用的结构为:hope to do sth. 希望做某事;hope that+句子 希望……。

I hope to travel around the world.

I hope that he will get better sooner.



wish to do sth.“希望做某事”;

wish sb. to do sth.“希望某人做某事”;

wish that+句子“祝愿……”。

I wish to travel around the world.

How I wish you to study hard!

He wishes that he could fly to the moon.

(2) find, look for和find out辨析


look for意为“寻找”,强调寻找的过程;

find out意为“查明”,多指通过调查、询问、研究之后“搞清楚、弄明白”之意,通常含有通过困难曲折之意,多指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。

I looked for it everywhere, but I could not find it.

Please find out when the train leaves.


【9】I like to follow the story and see what happens next. (P. 34)


常用的结构为:sth. happens to sb.“某人发生了某事”。

An accident happened to him yesterday and now he lies in hospital.



take place指经过事先安排的事件发生。

An accident happened in that street.

The story took place last month.


【10】In the 1930s, he made 87 cartoons with Mickey. (P. 37)

in the 1930s意为“在20世纪30年代”

表示“在……世纪……年代”要用“in the 年份s/’s”。

in the 1970s/1970’s 在20世纪70年代


【11】You can learn some great jokes. (P. 35)



tell a joke/jokes讲笑话;play a joke on sb.开某人玩笑。

He likes telling jokes.

Tom played a joke on me just now.


【12】Lin Hui thinks she can learn some great jokes from sitcoms. (P. 34)



learn from“向……学习”

learn about“了解”

learn to do sth.“学习做某事”。

What did you learn from the story?

We should learn from each other.

Are you learning to use the computer?


【13】I don’t mind them. (P. 33)

① mind doing sth. 介意做某事

Would you mind ______________(open) the window please?

② mind sb’s/sb doing sth. 介意某人做某事

Do you mind my/me ______________(call) you at night?



【14】Well, they may not be very exciting, but you can expect to learn a lot from them. (P. 34)


may not意为“可能不”;

另外,may作情态动词, 还可以表示“许可、准许”。

They may go to the beach next week.

May/Can I go to the cinema tonight?

(2) expect to do sth. 期待做某事;expect sb. to do sth. 期待某人做某事

The fans are expecting to see the football star.

The man expects his son to pass the exam successfully.


【15】Some people might ask how this cartoon animal became so popular. (P. 37)


Your uncle might come to the party, but I’m not sure.


【16】meaningless (P. 36)



It is meaningless to spend so much time on the Internet.

We should live a meaningful life.


【17】news (P. 33)


a piece of news表示“一则新闻”


The news ______________(make) the children excited.

No news is good news.



【18】I hope to be a TV reporter one day. (P. 34)

one day可以表示过去或者将来的某一天,表示将来某一天时,可与some day互换;

some day表示将来的某一天。

One day I met my Chinese teacher on the street.

He will come to know it some/one day.


【19】She plans to watch Days of Our Past tonight. (P. 34)

① plan作动词,常用的结构有:

plan for sth.“为某事做计划”;plan to do sth.“计划做某事”。

They are planning for the party tonight.

What do you plan to do this summer holiday?

② plan也可以用作名词

用于make a plan for结构中,表示“为……做计划”。

We should make a plan for the future.


【20】However, he was always ready to try his best. (P. 37)

(1) be/get ready for sth.“为……做准备”;

be/get ready to do sth.“准备做某事、乐意做某事”

The students are reviewing lessons to get ready for the coming final exams.

The kind girl is ready to help anyone in trouble.

(2)try one’s best意为“尽力”,相当于do one’s best

try/do one’s best to do sth.“尽力做某事”。

Tom is trying his best to reach the top of the mountain.


【21】one of the main reasons is that Mickey was like a common man, but he always tried to face any danger. (P. 37)

(1) reason用作可数名词表示“原因”,常与介词of连用,表示“……的原因”。

You have no reason for doing that.


You should face the fact.


【22】can’t stand (P. 33)


用于否定句和疑问句中,can’t/couldn’t stand doing sth.“不能忍受做某事”。

I can't stand the bad weather.

He can’t stand ______________(live) here any longer.



【23】What do you think of talk shows? (P. 33)


talk show表示“访谈节目”。

He is a talk show host.

What’s your favourite TV show?



on show表示“在展览中”


Some famous paintings are on show now.

Can you show your new phone to me?

【24】What is Mickey Mouse a symbol of? (P. 38)

a symbol of意为“……的象征”。

For the whole world, pandas have become the symbol of China.


【25】Then let’s watch a talk show. (P. 33)

(1) let作使役动词,意为“允许、让”

let sb. (not) do sth.“让某人做某事”。

Let me help you with the housework.

(2) watch是及物动词,意为“观看、注视”。

The girl often watches TV at home.

【拓展】watch, read, look和see辨析





I’m watching TV, and I see a boy and a girl. The boy is reading a book and the girl is looking at a picture.




 常见的能带动词不定式作宾语的动词有:want,like,love,wish,hope,need,try,ask,seem,help,learn,decide,plan,start,begin,forget,remember,choose ,prepare,agree等。

Kate wants to be a doctor when she grows up.

He decided to buy a new MP4.

We all hope to go to Taizhou next month.

I don’t like to be late for school.

I forgot to bring the MP4 hem.


I find it interesting to play computer games我发现玩电脑游戏很有趣。

We all think it very difficult to finish the work in an hour.



I don’t know What to do next.

Can you tell me how to get to the hospital?